Bi polar affective disorder

Bipolar Affective Disorder

Bipolar disorder is the name given to the experience of abnormal moods or exaggerated mood swings:

  • The high moods are called manic episodes.
  • The low moods are called depressive episodes.


People experience different patterns and intensities of these fluctuating moods and the terms Bipolar 1, Bipolar 2 and Cyclothymia refer to the types and intensity of the moods experienced.

Bipolar Disorders are usually treated with medication, such as mood stabilizers, and psychotherapy, which can help you to understand the condition, become aware of the signs of impending mood swings and possible triggers and to learn strategies for managing your mood swings effectively

Symptoms of mania include:

  • An exaggerated feeling elation or euphoria
  • Irritability
  • A decreased need for sleep
  • Increased energy
  • Rapid flow of ideas
  • Moving quickly from one subject to another
  • Grandiose ideas
  • Uncharacteristically poor judgement
  • Increased sexual drive


Symptoms of depression include:

  • Feeling extremely sad and unable to experience pleasure
  • A persistent sad, anxious or empty mood
  • Poor or disrupted sleep
  • Feelings of worthlessness or hopelessness
  • Decreased interest in sex
  • Poor concentration
  • Thoughts of suicide or suicide attempts.